The Importance of Breathing

Breathing and Fitness

Breathing – of course it is important in everything we do. From athletic performance, shooting, and relaxing, we all have had to control our breathing in some fashion.  But did you know that you can speed up and slow down your central nervous system by learning some breathing techniques? Did you know you can fail a running test one day and by learning to breathe properly you can pass it the next day?

I never really thought about how important breathing is until I compared it with two other things we need to do in order to stay alive.  We have all heard that “you can live for weeks without food and only days without water”. But did anyone ever add “and only minutes without air”? It is true. We breathe more than 20,000 times a day. It is the first thing we do when we are born and the last thing we do when we die, so it makes sense to become good at breathing.

Over the past five weeks, I had the honor to work on a contract with the 4th Infantry Division training soldiers to be better performers both as soldiers and as citizens.  This program, run by the Magis Group, is all about performance optimization and helps military and law enforcement personnel deal with the stresses of their job and gives them tools to integrate back into society. One of the many tools the soldiers take away from the training is the different types of breathing skills.

The types of breathing that we teach are skills used by professional athletes, NASA astronauts, skilled marksmen, as well as avid runners or swimmers. The following skills will help you relax, pep yourself up, as well as maintain performance as needed for the job you have to do:

Relaxing Breath – Has anyone ever come up to you and said, “Relax – take a breath”? Often when we get spun up, anxious, or nervous about something, we get to a point where we just react and not control our words or actions. By simply breathing FULL inhales and exhales for a few minutes you can slow down your nervous system and this will allow for you to think clearly, fall asleep, or calm your nerves from a stressful day. Here is how you do it. Inhale through your nose for 3–4 seconds opening up your entire lungs. Make sure you get the bottom part of your lungs full of air then slowly exhale through your mouth for 6–8 seconds. Your breath ratio is 1:2 inhale to exhale. Measure your pulse and you will see a difference in your beats per minute. Try this before you go to sleep for a few minutes and you will find yourself falling to sleep faster.

Wake Up Breath – Have you ever sat through a long presentation or class struggling to stay awake or had long hours of the night shift or guard duty? Here is a way to stimulate your nervous system without having to use caffeine or nicotine. Breathe in and out of your nose as fast as you can but very shallowly for about 15–30 seconds using only the top of your lungs. It should resemble a young child about to have a temper tantrum. Basically you are spinning up your speed up side of your central nervous system. Your heart rate should increase and a slight sweat should start to form as you feel the blood increasing its flow to your brain.

Running Breath – Ever see people running across a finish line of a PFT huffing and puffing uncontrollably. When you learn to breathe, you will learn to run better. Typically, good breathers use a pattern of 2–3 steps per inhale and 2–3 steps per exhale. This enables your body to get the needed oxygen to your brain and muscles as well as the carbon dioxide out of your system which will help you regulate your heart rate and perform better. This type of 1:1 ratio of inhales to exhales will allow for you to not only perform better physically, but also engage the thinking part of your brain at the same time. This type of breathing can be used tactically and in emergency situations at home or abroad where your ability to help someone and think how to respond to the situation is required.

Breathing is just one of many skills that can be used to increase your performance, regulate your central nervous system or just relax from a stressful day. Your body needs the ability to recover after any tough workout or stressful day /​ event. Breathing is a tool I would recommend mastering.

Good luck with your training programs. If you have any questions, please feel free to email me at stew@​stewsmith.​com.

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  1. Mason says:

    Stew! Thanks for all the material you put online, I think I\‘ve read my fair share in the past year.

    Over the summer, recently, I had some sort of complication with with a muscle in the back of my head/​neck area which would get very painful when my blood started flowing when doing push ups or weight lifting. A doctor and myself think it was probably from restricting my breathing when doing my last sets of push ups, since I had begun doing them on vacation at the beginning of summer. I was surprised you mentioned nothing of breathing during weight lifting or push ups/​ dips/​ other calisthenics in this article because breathing is also a big part of those exercises as well. Most of the material showing people how to lift or how their form should be never includes breathing. Any comments on that?

    Thanks a ton
    –Mason

  2. russell says:

    hello. i amcurrently interested in joining the military and would like too be relativley prepared physically. menatlly i know im ready. if anyone coulld get back to me on anything i could do to be better prepared for joining the army im at russellvolpe@​yahoo.​com i’d appreciate any thoughts.

  3. I agree with your remarks on the importance of breathing. I would like your comments on training high performance competitors to breath in patterns that maximize power output while maintaining a low lactic acid output. I believe each competitor will create a unique breathing pattern that fits their performance personality while maximizing personal power production with the lowest lactic acid production. I further believe that this potential is directly related to maximizing lung utilization (VO2). After over 20 years of coaching high performance competitors I know the coach/​trainer paradigm about breathing needs a fresh approach. What are your thoughts from your experience?

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Stew Smith is a former Navy SEAL and fitness author certified as a Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) with the National Strength and Conditioning Association. If you are interested in starting a workout program to create a healthy lifestyle - check out the Stew Smith article archive at Military.com. To contact Stew with your comments and questions, e-mail him at stew@stewsmith.com.

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